The unsustainable use of online video

28 July 2019
The report published July 2019 “Climate crisis: The unsustainable use of online video – A practical case study for digital sobriety” was led by Maxime Efoui-Hess, an engineer specialized in climate and computer modeling, who graduated from ISAE-SUPAÉRO, Université Paul Sabatier and the French Meteorology University. The environmental impact of digital technology is now recognized as unsustainable, but continues to grow. The energy consumption of digital technologies is increasing by 9% a year, and already represents 4% of global greenhouse gas emissions. The use of digital technology accounts for 55% of its energy consumption, compared to 45% for the production of equipment. This was demonstrated by our report “Lean ICT – Towards digital sobriety” published in 2018. Getting this impact under control implies requires a transition from digital intemperance to digital sobriety. This means prioritizing the allocation of resources as a function of uses, in order to conform to the planet’s physical boundaries, while preservingthe most valuable societal contributions of digital technologies. 4 main types of contents generate 60% of global data trafic. We live in a world where only one form of digital use, online video, generates 60% of of world data flows and thus over 300 million tons of CO2 per year. This use is far from being “dematerialized”. On the contrary, it represents 20% of the greenhouse gas emissions of all digital devices (use and production included), and 1% of global emissions, i.e. as much as Spain. The rest of the uses of digital technologies comprise 20% of other types of video, and 20% of non-video uses – the latter covering all the non-video possibilities opened by digital technologies. Online video, which is the subject of this report, is therefore a particularly significant practical case for the implementation of digital sobriety. In this 60% of global data flows generated by online video, there are 4 main types of content, none of which is negligible. Source: Full report: The Shift Project 2019

CEI conference in Istanbul

30 June 2019
Over 180 delegates from 14 countries meet in Istanbul at the annual CEI conference entitled: Sustainable Living in a Big City. They will present their projects by 6 July, take part in debates and workshops related to environmental issues in the big city.

COP 24 Katowice, Poland

18 December 2018
Through December 2 to 14, 2018, the COP 24 was held at the International Conference Center in Katowice. Over 20,000 delegates from 196 countries took part in it.Negotiators in Poland have finally secured agreement on a range of measures that will make the Paris climate pact operational in 2020.Last-minute rows over carbon markets threatened to derail the two-week summit - and delayed it by a day.Delegates believe the new rules will ensure that countries keep their promises to cut carbon. Delegates to the UN climate conference in Katowice, Poland have reached agreement on how to implement the 2015 Paris Climate Accord, which comes into force in 2020. Acceptance of the so-called Katowice rulebook means that we have the first international agreement that obliges all parties to perform specific actions. The document counts several hundred pages and there is no doubt that it is historical. Turkey and Brazil did not want to agree to sign it for the longest time. Brazil had been pushing for a weaker set of rules on carbon markets, despite strong opposition from many other countries. Developing countries believed that countries that have already developed should pay for transforming economies. India at the last plenary session said they did not agree to all the records but did not want to block the deal. In the end, a common position was worked out.The Katowice agreement aims to deliver the Paris goals of limiting global temperature rises to well below 2C. UN documents  

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