COP 24 Katowice, Poland
Through December 2 to 14, 2018, the COP 24 was held at the International Conference Center in Katowice. Over 20,000 delegates from 196 countries took part in it.
Negotiators in Poland have finally secured agreement on a range of measures that will make the Paris climate pact operational in 2020.
Last-minute rows over carbon markets threatened to derail the two-week summit - and delayed it by a day.
Delegates believe the new rules will ensure that countries keep their promises to cut carbon.
Delegates to the UN climate conference in Katowice, Poland have reached agreement on how to implement the 2015 Paris Climate Accord, which comes into force in 2020.
Acceptance of the so-called Katowice rulebook means that we have the first international agreement that obliges all parties to perform specific actions. The document counts several hundred pages and there is no doubt that it is historical. Turkey and Brazil did not want to agree to sign it for the longest time.
Brazil had been pushing for a weaker set of rules on carbon markets, despite strong opposition from many other countries. Developing countries believed that countries that have already developed should pay for transforming economies. India at the last plenary session said they did not agree to all the records but did not want to block the deal. In the end, a common position was worked out.
The Katowice agreement aims to deliver the Paris goals of limiting global temperature rises to well below 2C.